What is Uterine Sarcoma?

Sarcomas are types of cancer that stem from the soft connective tissues. They are often malignant and can spread to surrounding satellite nodules. Although it only makes up around 1 percent of all cancer, they can affect both young and old people. Because they are malignant, they can spread to other parts of the body (such as the lungs and liver) through the lymph system, the blood, or by affecting the surrounding tissues that can lead to ball-like growths.

One of the very rare types of sarcoma is the uterine sarcoma, which affects the uterine muscles or tissues supporting the uterus. It should not be mistaken for endometrial cancer, which is caused by cancer cells growing in the uterus lining. Exposure to x-rays has been known to increase the risk of uterine sarcoma, as well as having had radiation therapy on the pelvis and taking tamoxifen for breast cancer treatment. Surgery is often used to help diagnose, stage (determine whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body), and treat the uterine sarcoma at the same time. It is through surgery that the doctor will remove as much of the cancer possible. For more information about the types of surgery that can be used in diagnosing, staging, and treating uterine sarcoma, click here.

Metastatis is what occurs when the cancer spreads to other parts of the body. When the cancer cells spilt from the primary tumor, they can travel through the blood or lymph system to other parts of the body. This often happens when the tumor being removed was believed to be benign fibroids that was not detected or diagnosed as cancerous. Surgeries such as hysterectomies using power morcellators have been known to increase the risk of spreading the cancerous cells. Many victims have already come forth and filed lawsuits stating they were not informed of the risks of using the medical device and the manufacturer’s negligence in sharing the information.

If detected early, uterine sarcoma can be treated and can be cancer-free. The chances of recovery (prognosis) for uterine sarcoma depends on the stage of cancer, the size and type of cancer, if the case is new or a recurring one, and the overall health of the patient.